中国本土の出生率は2021年に過去最低に落ちました[ファイル：Qilai Shen / Bloomberg]
China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy in 2016, replacing it with a two-child limit to try and counter a rapidly ageing population, but many couples do not want to have more children because of the high cost of urban living.
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The birth rate was the lowest since 1949 when the statistics bureau began collating the data.
The natural growth rate of China’s population, which excludes migration, was only 0.034 percent for 2021, the lowest since 1960.
“The demographic challenge is well known but the speed of population ageing is clearly faster than expected,” said Zhiwei Zhang, chief economist at Pinpoint Asset management.
“This suggests China’s total population may have reached its peak in 2021. It also indicates China’s potential growth is likely slowing faster than expected,” Zhang said.
There were 10.62 million births in 2021, the data showed, compared with 12 million in 2020.
The birth rate in 2020 was 8.52 births per 1,000 people.
China probes head of top life insurer in anti-corruption campaign Anti-corruption watchdog says Wang Bin is “suspected of serious violations of discipline and law.” Published On 10 Jan 202210 Jan 2022 王ビンは、北京で開催された第19回中国共産党全国大会で、人民大会堂で開かれた代表団会議に出席しました。 Beijing’s South China Sea claims ‘gravely undermine’ rule of law US State Department questions Beijing’s claims of sovereignty over more than 100 features in disputed sea. Published On 13 Jan 202213 Jan 2022 抗議-中国 Latest COVID updates: US blasts China over cancelled flights COVID news from January 12: Biden administration warns it could act in response to China’s cancellations of US flights. Published On 12 Jan 202212 Jan 2022 旅行者が空港で荷物を持って座っている China economy slows; officials say recovery ‘unstable and uneven’ Officials say GDP grew at its slowest place in a year in the third quarter, amid power shortages and property woes. Published On 18 Oct 202118 Oct 2021
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